Meet JOHN W. MONROE:
John W. Monroe was born to the parents of Francis & Catherine Monroe about 1847 in the area of Bensalem, North Carolina. At this time there were seven children in the Francis and Catharine household. Francis Monroe's real estate value was $680. From 1830- 1870 the family name was spelled Munroe. By 1880 however, John W. spelled his name Monroe instead of Munroe.
Between 1851 and 1860 the Monroe family moved from Bensalem to the Gold region, which is near present day Robbins, North Carolina. In the Gold region the Monroe family did very well. the value of the home was placed at $1,400 and the value of the personal estate was $1,600. They also owned one slave, a black female age seventeen.
In 1870 John W. Monroe was the head of his own household, with a wife named Suzanne Brown, (age 18) and one child, Patsy Le (age 1). They lived on/or near the Rowan farm, which is located at/or near the Union Presbyterian Church; (the present day country high school is across the street from the Church, which is still in operation today). John W. was probably a farmer on Rowan farm. John W. Monroe's personal estate was valued $25. This $25 could have represented a mule and a cow.
Before 1880 John W. Monroe & family moved to (Pinehurst) "Monroe-town". In 1880 he and his wife had five children living in the house. John W. Monroe ran the old Bilyeu farm owned by Henry Bilyeu. On the farm, his responsibilty was hiring hands for picking the grapes, dewberries, blackberries and peaches during their seasons. He also helped maintain the vines and trees.
By 1900 John W. Monroe and Suzanne Brown had had 15 children. There were 11 children living in the house and one grandson. They had been married for 32 years at this point. In 1910, Gertie (age 15), Sarah Florence (age 13), and James Edward (age 10) where still living at home. Unfortunately as life would have it sometimes between 1900-1910, they had a child pass away
In 1920, John W. Monroe (age 72) and Suzanne Brown (age 67) had their son James Edward (Age 19) and his wife Lillie Marsh (age 18) and their child Nathan (age about 8 months) renting and living in the same house. During this time period it is normal for one of the children to live with the parents in order to care for them in their older years. According to the 1920 U.S. census John W. Monroe could not read or write.
The above history was taken from the U.S. Census of Moore County from 1850-1920. John W. Monroe was listed on the census in 1850 due to the fact that he was born into a white household (i.e. he is all white). During this time period non-whites were not listed on the census by name, typically they were only listed by age and gender as slaves. Subsequently, during the 1850 & 1860 census, John W. Monroe was listed as all white. However, on the 1870 census he is listed as Melungeon represents a person who is of mixed races. Additionally, on the following census he is listed as Black. It is the belief of the Family Tree Committee that John W. Monroe was a full blooded white male, however the census would lead you to believe that after his marriage in 1868 he was a Melungeon, whom later became Black.
Meet SUZANNE BROWN:
A lovely fair complexioned lady, Suzanne Brown was born about 1849. Suzanne Brown is listed on the U.S. Moore county census in 1870 as the wife of John W. Monroe. In 1860 only whites, free blacks and Melungeons are listed on the census. There is an 1860 slave census, but Blacks and Melungeons are not listed by name. The only name listed is name of the slave owner; their slaves are listed by age, gender and race. On the 1860 slave census of Moore County, Morris Goins found only one slave owner. His name was Malcolm Brown. Malcolm Brown was listed with a man (age 45), women (age 42), a young girl (age 10), a boy (age 7), and a girl (age either 3 or 5 "fitting the age of Suzanne Brown and her parent Nahan and Susan").
In the 1850 slave census, Malcolm Brown did not own the family. This might be how the family became the Brown's. According to the 1920 census, Suzanne Brown could not read but could write. The above information was located in the Moore County library.
The following part of Suzanne Brown's history is oral. This oral information was gathered from Edward Nathanile "Fuzzy" Jackson.
A part white, part Negro, possibly part Indian, was sold as a slave at the old market house in Fayeteville, NC. This lady was roguh by a master Brown and taken to the Carthage, NC vicinity, where she served as a slave on an old farm. Suzanne, later called Annie, had two brohers named Archie Brown and Henry Brown.
Suzanne often told of her slavery day with a harsh master and his cruel wife. Many winter nights she would sit at the corner of a lage fireplace in a little shack to keep warm, because the master's wife would not let them keep fires going. Suzanne would leave a trail of blood from her feet when she walked, because she did not have shoes in the cold winter months. Yet still, she had to drive the cows to various places on the farm. This caused her feet to crack open and bleed as she walked along.
Another of her chores was to feed the hogs, who had more food to eat than the slaves. Hogs were often kept back from the food, so Suzanne could fill her belly. The master's wife kept food from the slaves, not allowing them to eat. Suzanne told of the master's wife as she lay dying because, as Suzanne described it, her chin and nose had grown together and she could not eat. She was fed through the corner of her mouth.
Finally, slavery ended and Suzanne often told of how he rejoiced! Suzanne Brown was the mother of fifteen children. Suzanne Brown (Grannie Anne) died in a house fire, which was believed to have happened as she tried to start the fireplace. Again, this oral information was gathered from Edward Nathaniel "Fuzzy JACKSON.
As mentioned earlier in this booklet, it is said that Suzanne Brown Monroe is buried in Sassafras cemetery. However, Morris Goins searched the cemetery and was unable to locate the gravesite of "Grannie Anne" (i.e. Suzanne Brown). Morris Goins did however find the gravesites of the parents of Suzanne, (Nathan and Susan Brown). From the Y in the road take 56 paces, stop and face right. Take 50 paces, stop and on your left is the grave of Nathan Brown born 1816 and died May 11, 1906 & Susan Brown born 1820 and died September 18, 1906.
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